Into the dark with Vantablack

February 19, 2020| Design

Into the dark with Vantablack

"Discover the darkest materials of our planet"

Originally, Vantablack has been developed by Surrey NanoSystems to eliminate stray light in satellites and telescopes and was unveiled in 2014.

What exactly is Vantablack? (I better quote this part!)

Vantablack is not a black paint, pigment or fabric, but is instead a functionalised ‘forest’ of millions upon millions of incredibly small tubes made of carbon, or carbon nanotubes. Each nanotube in the vantablack forest has a diameter of around 20 nanometres (that’s about 3,500 times smaller than the diameter of the average human hair), and are typically from around 14 microns to 50 microns long. A surface area of 1 cm2 would contain around 1,000 million nanotubes.

What can it do in general?
It absorbs 99.96% of the radiation in the visible spectrum and even beyond, including UV and IR. In addition, it is also hydrophobic and high thermal shock resistant.

 

What does it feel like?
From its look you might think it has some sort of a warm velvet feel. According to Steve Northam, Director of Business Development, it actually just feels like a smooth surface.

 

Vantablack vs. S-VIS vs. VBx1/2
Vantablack is not a pigment or a paint, but has ever since developed to be a more flexible coating. Vantablack S-VIS can be spray painted and does not need to be grown in a vacuum chamber. The Vantablack VBx1 and VBx 2 coatings in the visible spectrum are solvent based, pigmented coatings dispersed in a carrier solution.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BkGHwrq2Eho

Since its introduction to the world it has also found applications in automotive sensing, optical systems, art and aesthetics.

To present an example, in partnership with BMW and for the launch of the new BMW X6 the world’s first darkest car has seen the light of day (*no pun intended). The material has been completely covered in Vantablack and makes all shapes disappear, which basically means the only thing left you see are the parts not covered in Vantablack VBx2 such as headlamps, fog lamps, kidney grille, windows, and wheels.

https://youtu.be/QlSD5v7RI1I

Did you know that there actually is an even darker ‘blackest black’ than Vantablack?!

The “blackest black” material to date actually captures 99,995% of incoming light.
Watch the video below to find out more.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KTDmD0XRxkw


Pantone Color 2020

December 6, 2019| Design

Pantone 19-4052 Classic Blue

"A shade reminiscent of the sky at dusk"

For over 20 years The Pantone Color Institute has been the leading color expert, setting color standards and color trends; influencing and collaborating with various industries, be it within fashion, graphic design, packaging and many more.

After a thoughtful selection process the Pantone 19-4052 Classic Blue was chosen as ‘Color of the Year’ 2020.
With a feeling of uncertain times on a worldwide scale this specific calming tone of blue symbolizes stability and a desire for a dependable future as we enter a new era.

“We are living in a time that requires trust and faith. It is this kind of constancy and confidence that is expressed by PANTONE 19-4052 […]Classic Blue encourages us to look beyond the obvious to expand our thinking; challenging us to think more deeply, increase our perspective and open the flow of communication”

Leatrice Eiseman (Executive Director of the Pantone Color Institute)

Pantone Official Website

(Header picture – courtesy of The Pantone Color Institute)


Pantone Color 2019

December 18, 2018| Design

Pantone 16-1546 Living Coral

The next “color of the year” is quite a lively and vibrant one.

Pantone describes this color as “An animating and life-affirming coral hue with a golden undertone that energizes and enlivens with a softer edge.”
Pantone Official Website

The company explains on their website that the “Lively Coral” was chosen for the reason to get back to the roots and sort of disconnect from our technological influenced lives. Furthermore, the color expresses intimacy, authenticity and a desire for playful expression.

(Header picture – courtesy of The Pantone Color Institute)


A Colorful Collection

November 6, 2018| Design

A Colorful Collection

Ever heard of the Forbes Pigment Collection? The Straus Center for Conservation and Preservation at the Harvard Art Museums stores the Forbes Pigment Collection – a library that is definitely one of a kind.

It was the historian and director of the Fogg Art Museum at Harvard Universities Edward Forbes, who started the collection of pigments in the 1920s. Forbes was fascinated by a painting’s color, the techniques of a painter and how paintings could be restored, respectively. He travelled around the world to add pigments to his collection and hired chemist Rutherford Gettens to help analyze those. Roughly 2,500 rare and historic pigments (and their precise chemical composition) are stored in the vault, which can only be seen through glass windows.

Edward Forbes is seen as the father of the field of art conservation in the United States, not for nothing. The following are some highlights of the collection.

Ultramarine – A precious blue
Back in the day ultramarine was more expensive than gold. The lapis lazuli stone had to be mined in Afghanistan and then shipped to experts overseas, who were able to extract the blue hue from small particles of the stone. Hence, this deep blue powder was extremely expensive. It was used in medieval paintings.

Later, a chemist created a synthetic (chemically identical) version of this brilliant blue that made it affordable to people around the world.

Mauve – The royal purple
Tyrian purple is a dye extracted from the murex shellfish that has an extremely eye catching color range. Due to it’s difficulty of manufacture, desirable shade and resistance to fade it was extremely expensive and therefore a status symbol – hence often called the ‘royal purple’.

Emerald Green – A toxic shade of green
The crystalline emerald green powder of copper acetoarsenite is an extremely toxic pigment. Amongst others Vincent van Gogh used this pigment in his paintings, e.g. in the vibrant background of “Self-Portrait Dedicated to Paul Gauguin”. The poisonous fumes alone were a major health hazard.

Mummy – A bizarre kind of brown
The so called mummy brown was gained by extracting the brown resing material of harvested mummies. People were obsessed in finding out how to recreate the rich brown that Rembrandt and Titian used in their masterworks.

Today, the collection has expanded and also includes modern pigments, which is used for comparison and scientific analysis.
Each year the Forbes Pigment Collection gets extended by additions of innovated colors, like the superblack Vantablack that absorbes 99.965% of light.